Charlotte Future 2040
Place Types: Campus
Goal: Provide places for large, multi-building institutions, such as educational, religious, civic, or health facilities, or for a concentration of office and research and development uses.
Campuses are a relatively cohesive group of buildings and public spaces that are all serving one institution such as a university, hospital, or office park.
- Primary uses vary, depending on the purpose of the Campus and may include facilities for office, research and development, education, medical, and places of assembly that require a significant amount of space for various activities spread across sites.
- Additional uses intended to support the primary use include residential, retail, hotels, restaurants and dining facilities, sports facilities, laboratories, and galleries intended to serve workers, residents and visitors.
- This Place Type is characterized by low- to mid-rise office or civic buildings. Some institutional Campuses are more intensely developed and may include some high-rise buildings.
- Campuses may be on one large site or multiple adjacent sites that create a unified appearance with defined edges.
- Campuses are typically located along at least one arterial street with an internal street network that encourages walking and bicycling, particularly when sites are located near transit routes and stops. More intensely developed Campuses have a denser street network and a higher level of non-auto mode share than less intensely developed Campuses.
- Campuses should include amenity-rich transit stops and mobility hubs at key entries, stations, and intersections.
- Arterial streets support walking, cycling, and transit use by providing a safe and comfortable environment to reach transit stops or nearby destinations.
- The typical building is an office or civic building and is usually no more than five stories. Residential buildings are also found in this Place Type but are less prevalent. More intensely developed institutional Campuses sometimes include high-rise buildings. Campuses usually have a variety of activities on site, and buildings vary depending on the needs of the primary user. As a result, Campuses have a range of building types and sizes. Buildings are designed with active ground floor uses to support a walkable environment and have a high degree of transparency using clear glass windows and doors.
- Open space is a key feature of this Place Type. Campuses typically include numerous pervious areas, including lawns, passive landscaped areas, park space, and natural open spaces. Improved open spaces such as plazas, courtyards, and outdoor recreational facilities are also important and should be included in all types of Campuses.
- Comfortable and convenient internal multi-modal connections
- Highly amenitized public realm
- Enhanced walkable “main street” connection to adjacent commercial development
- Transition to Adjacent Place Types
Bird’s Eye Highlights
- Frequent multi-use path connections between buildings (can double as service drives)
- A variety of building heights and densities
- Enhanced visual and physical connections to rail and surrounding developments
- Open spaces and community gathering spaces as a focal point of site design
- Surface parking and garage parking with green roofs when possible
- Corporate campuses are often on larger undivided sites and integrate natural systems into the design of passive open space.
- A traditional educational campus consists of multiple buildings in a more park-like environment, where the interior of the campus is largely pedestrian oriented.
- An urban campus is organized by the street network much like traditional development.
- Grand civic architecture often anchors campuses, particularly education campuses.
- A high amount of active and passive open space is common on campuses and is used as an organizing element for buildings that front on the space.
- Urban campuses typically include a large multi-wing building with associated buildings located nearby, but connected by private drives, structured parking and private open space.
- Corporate campuses typically have multiple office buildings of a similar architectural style and highly designed open spaces.
- The public edges of campuses should provide a welcoming public realm and architectural features that invite pedestrians into the campus.